Latest Articles


How Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Is Treated

Last updated: 06/02/2021

Treatments for the genetic disorder spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) include two approaches—disease-modifying therapy and symptom control. Spinraza (nusinersen) and Zolgensma...

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What Is a Facetectomy?

Last updated: 06/02/2021

A facetectomy is a spinal surgical procedure for people who experience moderate to severe sciatic pain as a result of an impinged spinal nerve. Spinal nerves become impinged...

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Parts of the Lower Extremity of the Body

Last updated: 06/01/2021

The lower extremity refers to the part of the body from the hip to the toes. The lower extremity includes the hip, knee, and ankle joints, and the bones of the thigh, leg, and...

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Treating The Most Common Type Of Ankle Bursitis

Last updated: 06/01/2021

A bursa is a small fluid-filled sac that helps to cushion and lubricate structures so that they can move more easily. You have bursa in a number of different areas of your body,...

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Anatomy of the Axial Skeleton and Back Pain

Last updated: 06/01/2021

The axial skeleton is comprised of all the bones that are oriented vertically (called the longitudinal axis). These include: Bones of the skull (head) Hyoid bone Vertebra...

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The Anatomy of Vertebral End Plates

Last updated: 06/01/2021

Vertebral endplates are located between vertebrae (bones of the spine) and intervertebral discs (gel-filled structures that protect and cushion the vertebrae). They consist of a...

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Muscle Origins and Stability With Movements

Last updated: 06/01/2021

Muscle origin is a term referring to one end of a muscle, generally at the location where it attaches to a bone. The main part of the muscle called the belly of the muscle, then...

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How To Diagnose And Treat Sural Nerve Problems

Last updated: 05/31/2021

Your sural nerve is a sensory nerve that runs down the back of your leg, behind the lateral side of your ankle and along the outside of your foot. It helps to provide sensory...

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Nerve growth factor antibody for the treatment of... : PAIN

Last updated: 05/31/2021

Chronic pain continues to be a significant global burden despite the availability of a variety of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment options. Thus, there is a need for...

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The Healing Effect of Plants on Pain

Last updated: 05/31/2021

The Healing Effect of Plants on Pain The latest science on the therapeutic effect of horticulture on chronic pain. EMAIL KEY POINTS Spending time with plants and in nature may...

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