What is Back Pain?
When your back hurts, you certainly feel like you can’t be free to move. How to deal with one of the symptoms of this one musculoskeletal disorder?
What is back pain?
Back pain is a complaint in the back of the body or back which is generally felt around the spine including the muscles, nerves and blood vessels around it.
Generally, back pain is not caused by a serious health problem and can get better on its own.
However, there are also several conditions or serious health problems that might be the cause of disorders that attack the skeletal/bone system and the muscular system.
Back pain symptoms
Symptoms of back pain depend on the severity. Common symptoms of back pain that usually appear are as follows:
- Burning sensation or stabbing pain.
- Feels only at one point or feels all over the back.
- Appears suddenly or gets worse over time.
- The pain persists or goes away and comes back.
- Back pain is accompanied by muscle spasms and stiffness.
- The pain gets worse with activity or movement.
More serious conditions can be indicated by the following symptoms:
- Hands and feet feel weaker.
- Hands, feet, chest or stomach go numb.
- Loss of bladder control so you can’t hold back when you urinate.
Common and serious causes of back pain
The emergence of back pain often begins with habits that you don’t realize cause pain in the back area.
Common causes of back pain are sprains, poor posture, and not exercising enough, causing the spine to become stiff and the muscles to become weak.
Back pain can also be caused by sitting too long. Especially for a gamer, who sometimes forgets the time because of the excitement of playing Gates of Olympus. So, you have to be able to set the time when to play this favorite slot so your back doesn’t hurt.
However, there are also causes of back pain that are quite serious. Here are some causes of back pain that should not escape your attention.
This condition occurs when the soft tissue that serves as a cushion in the spine has moved out of position so that it suppresses the nerves around the spine.
Disc herniation occurs partly due to the weakening of the bearings with age and excessive repetitive physical activity. Usually, a herniated disc occurs in the lower back or neck.
This cause of back pain can occur when the spinal canal narrows. In some cases, the bones, ligaments, and tissues grow until they reach the spine and press on the nerves in the spinal canal.
Spinal stenosis usually appears in the lower back or neck. This condition can also occur in the upper or mid back, but this is rare.
As we age, the discs and ligaments in the spine weaken. This condition is medically known as spondylosis.
This condition is actually quite normal because it has become part of the aging process. However, that does not mean that everyone who experiences it will experience pain.
Osteoarthritis includes arthritis that causes damage to the cartilage that cushions the joints of the spine and various joints in the body.
This condition can cause the vertebrae to stick together and cause pain and damage to the bones. Back pain will also get worse if the osteoarthritis has affected the hips or knees.
Apart from kyphosis and lordosis, scoliosis is a common type of spinal disorder.
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine to the side in an S shape which can cause pain in the back.
Bone loss or osteoporosis causes a decrease in bone density due to loss of body calcium. The more fragile the bones, especially the spine, the more likely they are to break.
Considering that people with osteoporosis have a high risk of fractures, the risk of experiencing pain due to broken bones will also increase.
Injuries and fractures of the spine
When you have a spinal fracture, you will usually experience trauma. This can result from car accidents, falls from heights, injuries while playing sports.
Acts of violence such as being shot or stabbed are also included. Injuries can cause broken or cracked bones to feel painful and sore, especially if they occur in the back.
Stress and other mental disorders
Stress can cause tension in the back muscles. Depression and excessive anxiety can also make the pain feel even worse.
When you are experiencing certain mental conditions, you tend to avoid daily activities that cause minimal activity, then weaken your physical muscles to trigger back pain.